Examples

Typical DNS Records

dnsconfig.js
D("example.com", REG_MY_PROVIDER, DnsProvider(DSP_MY_PROVIDER),
    A("@", "1.2.3.4"),  // The naked or "apex" domain.
    A("server1", "2.3.4.5"),
    AAAA("wide", "2001:0db8:85a3:0000:0000:8a2e:0370:7334"),
    CNAME("www", "server1"),
    CNAME("another", "service.mycloud.com."),
    MX("mail", 10, "mailserver"),
    MX("mail", 20, "mailqueue"),
    TXT("the", "message"),
    NS("department2", "ns1.dnsexample.com."), // use different nameservers
    NS("department2", "ns2.dnsexample.com.") // for department2.example.com
)

Set TTLs

dnsconfig.js
var mailTTL = TTL("1h");

D("example.com", REG_MY_PROVIDER,
    NAMESERVER_TTL("10m"), // On domain apex NS RRs
    DefaultTTL("5m"), // Default for a domain

    MX("@", 5, "1.2.3.4", mailTTL), // use variable to
    MX("@", 10, "4.3.2.1", mailTTL), // set TTL

    A("@", "1.2.3.4", TTL("10m")), // individual record
    CNAME("mail", "mx01") // TTL of 5m, as defined per DefaultTTL()
);

Variables for common IP Addresses

dnsconfig.js
var addrA = IP("1.2.3.4")

var DSP_R53 = NewDnsProvider("route53_user1");

D("example.com", REG_MY_PROVIDER, DnsProvider(DSP_R53),
    A("@", addrA), // 1.2.3.4
    A("www", addrA + 1), // 1.2.3.5
)

NOTE: The IP() function doesn't currently support IPv6 (PRs welcome!). IPv6 addresses are strings.

dnsconfig.js
var addrAAAA = "0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0";

Variables to swap active Data Center

dnsconfig.js
var DSP_R53 = NewDnsProvider("route53_user1");

var dcA = IP("5.5.5.5");
var dcB = IP("6.6.6.6");

// switch to dcB to failover
var activeDC = dcA;

D("example.com", REG_MY_PROVIDER, DnsProvider(DSP_R53),
    A("@", activeDC + 5), // fixed address based on activeDC
)

Macro for repeated records

dnsconfig.js
var GOOGLE_APPS_MX_RECORDS = [
    MX("@", 1, "aspmx.l.google.com."),
    MX("@", 5, "alt1.aspmx.l.google.com."),
    MX("@", 5, "alt2.aspmx.l.google.com."),
    MX("@", 10, "alt3.aspmx.l.google.com."),
    MX("@", 10, "alt4.aspmx.l.google.com."),
]

var GOOGLE_APPS_CNAME_RECORDS = [
    CNAME("calendar", "ghs.googlehosted.com."),
    CNAME("drive", "ghs.googlehosted.com."),
    CNAME("mail", "ghs.googlehosted.com."),
    CNAME("groups", "ghs.googlehosted.com."),
    CNAME("sites", "ghs.googlehosted.com."),
    CNAME("start", "ghs.googlehosted.com."),
]

D("example.com", REG_MY_PROVIDER, DnsProvider(DSP_R53),
   GOOGLE_APPS_MX_RECORDS,
   GOOGLE_APPS_CNAME_RECORDS,
   A("@", "1.2.3.4")
)

Use SPF_BUILDER to add comments to SPF records

dnsconfig.js
D("example.com", REG_MY_PROVIDER, DnsProvider(DSP_MY_PROVIDER),
  A("@", "10.2.2.2"),
  MX("@", "example.com."),
  SPF_BUILDER({
    label: "@",
    overflow: "_spf%d",
    raw: "_rawspf",
    ttl: "5m",
    parts: [
      "v=spf1",
      "ip4:198.252.206.0/24", // ny-mail*
      "ip4:192.111.0.0/24", // co-mail*
      "include:_spf.google.com", // GSuite
      "~all"
    ]
  }),
);

Set default records modifiers

dnsconfig.js
DEFAULTS(
    NAMESERVER_TTL("24h"),
    DefaultTTL("12h"),
    CF_PROXY_DEFAULT_OFF
);

Advanced Examples

Dual DNS Providers

dnsconfig.js

var DSP_R53 = NewDnsProvider("route53_user1");
var DSP_GCLOUD = NewDnsProvider("gcloud_admin");

D("example.com", REG_MY_PROVIDER, DnsProvider(DSP_R53), DnsProvider(DSP_GCLOUD),
   A("@", "1.2.3.4")
)

// above zone uses 8 NS records total (4 from each provider dynamically gathered)
// below zone will only take 2 from each for a total of 4. May be better for performance reasons.

D("example2.com", REG_MY_PROVIDER, DnsProvider(DSP_R53, 2), DnsProvider(DSP_GCLOUD ,2),
   A("@", "1.2.3.4")
)

// or set a Provider as a non-authoritative backup (don"t register its nameservers)
D("example3.com", REG_MY_PROVIDER, DnsProvider(DSP_R53), DnsProvider(DSP_GCLOUD, 0),
   A("@", "1.2.3.4")
)

Automate Fastmail DKIM records

In this example we need a macro that can dynamically change for each domain.

Suppose you have many domains that use Fastmail as an MX. Here's a macro that sets the MX records.

dnsconfig.js
var FASTMAIL_MX = [
  MX("@", 10, "in1-smtp.messagingengine.com."),
  MX("@", 20, "in2-smtp.messagingengine.com."),
]

Fastmail also supplied CNAMES to implement DKIM, and they all match a pattern that includes the domain name. We can't use a simple macro. Instead, we use a function that takes the domain name as a parameter to generate the right records dynamically.

dnsconfig.js
var FASTMAIL_DKIM = function(the_domain){
  return [
    CNAME("fm1._domainkey", "fm1." + the_domain + ".dkim.fmhosted.com."),
    CNAME("fm2._domainkey", "fm2." + the_domain + ".dkim.fmhosted.com."),
    CNAME("fm3._domainkey", "fm3." + the_domain + ".dkim.fmhosted.com.")
  ]
}

We can then use the macros as such:

dnsconfig.js
var REG_NONE = NewRegistrar("none");
var DSP_R53_MAIN = NewDnsProvider("r53_main");

D("example.com", REG_NONE, DnsProvider(DSP_R53_MAIN),
    FASTMAIL_MX,
    FASTMAIL_DKIM("example.com")
)

More advanced examples

See the Code Tricks page.

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